|Grade and Age
||Character of Students
||Desirable Presentation Style
|Full of energy, talkative, curious, learn by senses, short attention span, used to working in groups.
||No lectures, please! Brief, hands-on activities to increase understanding of a few concepts. Avoid written material, be imaginative and flexible.
||You could dress as a field geologist and bring tools for discussion. Devise activities that will involve kids in touching, tasting, smelling, hearing, seeing.
||Let kids know that their sorting, recording, sharing is doing science. They need concrete examples - they haven't developed abstract thinking. Breaks are needed - can't sit for too long.
|Developing reading and basic math skills. Have learned a little about scientific instruments and about community, the environment and ethics.
||Brief formal presentation permissible but focus on hands-on activities and demonstrations. Developing an interest in printed material, a few slides are okay. They love instruments, e.g. stereoscope or microscope.
||If talking about maps, go into school yard and give them a practical demonstration. Relate concepts to their lives, pass around and discuss specimens.
||If you need groupings, have the teacher make them. Kids this age bore easily and should have a fast-paced presentation. Provide simple explanation, but don't baby them.
|Some will act "cool" at the start. Social learning is a major interest and concern of many. Developing attitudes to S&T which will last their lifetimes.
||They can reason inductively and make generalizations. Able to handle advanced concepts but still need simple explanations. Can handle short formal presentations but you must get them involved.
||They can sit and listen longer than younger children but to prevent restlessness they require a fast-paced, exciting presentation.
||Hormones are becoming active. Some classes appear difficult to turn on but it's important you do so -these kids are at the crossroads.
|gr. 10-1216-18 years
||They have developed complex thinking skills. However, career decisions may have been made and class will vary greatly in level of interest in S&T.
||Lecture type presentations are suitable if the topic is exciting. Leave at least 25% of time for discussion.
||Charts, graphs, experimental demonstrations and simple explanations of "cutting edge" concepts.
||High interest in career opportunities and job-related activities. Be prepared for questions you can't answer and be prepared to say "I don't know".